“Failure in drug treatment that may result in negative effects to patients” is one definition of a medication error. It raises the likelihood of medication interactions, increases the frequency of hospital admissions and outpatient visits, lengthens hospital stays, raises management costs, and raises mortality risk, making it a severe problem, particularly in low- to middle-income nations. Any “patient safety incidents” (PSIs) involving mistakes in the preparation, administration, monitoring, or advice-giving of medications are included. There are two types of PSIs: errors of commission and errors of omission. The former includes things like taking the incorrect dosage or medication. The latter includes things like missed dosages or a lack of monitoring.